After the outbreak of a coronavirus (2019), many confirmed cases of infants and young children were reported. As a special vulnerable group, newborns are one of the susceptible groups of coronavirus due to the immature development of the immune system and the possibility of vertical transmission of mother-to-child transmission.
However there are several protective points that must needs to know when nursing newborns:
Newborns delivered by mothers with a history of 2019 infection within 14 days before delivery and within 28 days after delivery, or directly exposed to other contacts with a history of 2019nCoV infection during the newborn period (including family members, medical staff, and visitors) Regardless of whether there are symptoms, suspected infection cases should be considered, and nucleic acid sequencing is required to confirm the infection.
After infection, newborns may behave similarly to adults, showing asymptomatic infections, mild infections, and severe infections. The symptoms of newborns, especially premature infants, may be more insidious and nonspecific. Main manifestations:
Similar to common cold: fever, feeling of limb weakness, dry cough, and cases with insignificant symptoms, or showing other system symptoms such as digestive system, cardiovascular system, nervous system, ophthalmological symptoms, etc., especially newborns, The symptoms of infants and young children may be more atypical, once found, the course of the disease progresses quickly or the observation period has been missed.
Different from the common cold: diarrhea, breathing gradually becomes difficult, such as: breathing too fast or too slow, too deep or too shallow , Infants or newborns show open mouth breathing, wheezing, moaning, nostril incitement (one nostril in one), nod breathing, even lips, complexion changes and breathing three concave signs. Visit the doctor immediately if you have the above mentioned symptoms!
First tell the obstetrician and neonatologist that they have enough time to wear protective equipment. If there is a suspected or confirmed neonatal case, it should be admitted to the neonatal ward as soon as possible; if the suspected maternal is subsequently negative for corona virus, the newborn is generally in good condition, and the mother and the child can be in the same room; Enter the neonatal department for observation.
Breastfeeding is not recommended for neonates suspected or diagnosed with new coronavirus infection, but it is recommended to express milk regularly to ensure lactation, and breastfeeding is not feasible until it is excluded or cured.
How can parents help protect infants?
Keep the home environment clean and tidy. Conditional families can wipe the surface of the object once daily with alcohol disinfection. If it is suspected that the parents did not take protective measures to sneeze or cough at home, they should immediately relocate the area. disinfect. Keep the floor clean and dry, and avoid wet corners to avoid the growth of viral bacteria. If the family has 84 disinfectant containing chlorine disinfectant, you can configure it according to the correct method (84 disinfectant 10ml + 990ml water), and drag the floor every day ~ 2 times. If the family has a suspected or confirmed parent, the disinfection of the used items or the room where they have lived should increase the concentration of 84 disinfection solution to 4-10 times, that is, increase the original solution of 84 disinfection solution from 10ml to 40 ~ 100ml. 960 ～ 900ml. Families who have purchased things out of the condition can use disinfectant for secondary disinfection and reuse.
During the outbreak of the new coronavirus, some pregnant women were found to be infected with the virus, and 9 months of infants were infected with the virus. Newborns are born, how to prevent infection by the virus?
Make sure the baby is not in contact with too many people
The spread of the new coronavirus is getting wider and wider, and the baby's immunity is very low. If you want to prevent the baby from being infected with the new coronavirus, then you need to ensure that the baby is not in contact with too many people. Don't kiss your baby. I really like to see the cute face of the baby, I always want to kiss the baby's face constantly; but this is particularly easy to bring bacteria to the baby, so don't kiss the baby's face often.
The mother of the baby needs to ensure hygiene
The mother's clothes need to be changed in time, and the bath needs to be bathed, so as to avoid the excessive growth of bacteria on the mother, so as to better ensure the health of the baby. Mothers should wash their hands and wash their hands every day, and then feed the baby after breast cleaning. Do not talk to the baby or sneeze. After the family enters the door, first take off the coat, disinfect the clothes in a cool and ventilated place, and also disinfect the home. The key parts, such as the door handle, should be disinfected.
Make sure the clothes the baby wears are sterilized by high temperature
Newborn baby supplies should be disinfected and clothes should be exposed to the sun. Baby diapers, toilet paper, wipes, diapers, bottles, etc. should be disinfected frequently, and the clothes should be exposed to the sun after washing. The baby needs to change the diaper every day, and if the diaper is changed, it is best to let the mother only replace it, not to change it by multiple people, to reduce the contact with multiple people, so as to avoid infection.
Don't share a set of tableware with your baby! Avoid cross infection
Sometimes, adults will feel that the food is very hot, and it is wrong to try to blow it down for children. In fact, it should be cold and then give it to the kids, because during the blowing process, it will also be spread through the air.
Make sure the environment of the baby is smooth
Open the window properly, and do not stay in the air-conditioned room for a long time. The environment in which the baby is located is very important, and it must not be too long in an enclosed environment, especially in an air-conditioned room, which will make the baby's immunity relatively low, so it is necessary to open the window properly for ventilation.
Medical symptoms of covid-19 for newborn: