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You must need to know about the newborn baby protection.

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After the outbreak of a coronavirus (2019), many confirmed cases of infants and young children were reported. As a special vulnerable group, newborns are one of the susceptible groups of coronavirus due to the immature development of the immune system and the possibility of vertical transmission of mother-to-child transmission.

However there are several protective points that must needs to know when nursing newborns:

1. What is the suspected and confirmed infection of a newborn?

Newborns delivered by mothers with a history of 2019 infection within 14 days before delivery and within 28 days after delivery, or directly exposed to other contacts with a history of 2019nCoV infection during the newborn period (including family members, medical staff, and visitors) Regardless of whether there are symptoms, suspected infection cases should be considered, and nucleic acid sequencing is required to confirm the infection.

After infection, newborns may behave similarly to adults, showing asymptomatic infections, mild infections, and severe infections. The symptoms of newborns, especially premature infants, may be more insidious and nonspecific. Main manifestations:

Similar to common cold: fever, feeling of limb weakness, dry cough, and cases with insignificant symptoms, or showing other system symptoms such as digestive system, cardiovascular system, nervous system, ophthalmological symptoms, etc., especially newborns, The symptoms of infants and young children may be more atypical, once found, the course of the disease progresses quickly or the observation period has been missed.

Different from the common cold: diarrhea, breathing gradually becomes difficult, such as: breathing too fast or too slow, too deep or too shallow , Infants or newborns show open mouth breathing, wheezing, moaning, nostril incitement (one nostril in one), nod breathing, even lips, complexion changes and breathing three concave signs. Visit the doctor immediately if you have the above mentioned symptoms!

2. The mother is suspected of Covid-19 infection, what should I do after birth?

First tell the obstetrician and neonatologist that they have enough time to wear protective equipment. If there is a suspected or confirmed neonatal case, it should be admitted to the neonatal ward as soon as possible; if the suspected maternal is subsequently negative for corona virus, the newborn is generally in good condition, and the mother and the child can be in the same room; Enter the neonatal department for observation.

3. Is breast milk mother infected with the virus, can she continue breast milk?

Breastfeeding is not recommended for neonates suspected or diagnosed with new coronavirus infection, but it is recommended to express milk regularly to ensure lactation, and breastfeeding is not feasible until it is excluded or cured.

How can parents help protect infants?

  • Promptly and correctly isolate: Separate the room, avoid contact with children, and wear appropriate masks.
  • Family daily protection: can not adapt to small babies or newborns wearing masks, parents should take special protection to protect children, because parents who are asymptomatic may also be carriers, parents should take the initiative to wear masks, when coughing or sneezing, apply Cover your mouth and nose completely with paper towels (if you have no time to use paper towels, cover your mouth and nose and wash your arms thoroughly), and immediately throw the used paper towels into a closed trash bin and wash your hands with running water. Don't kiss the child, don't exhale or gasp the child, don't eat the same food as the child, don't share tableware and drinking utensils with the child, and don't blow the mouth to make the food cold and then feed.
  • Parents should avoid going to crowded public places as much as possible, wear masks when going out, change clothes and shoes immediately after entering the door from the outside, properly handle the masks, and wash the whole body thoroughly before touching the children. Parents instruct children to sip their mouth with salt water before and after going out, morning and evening, to raise awareness of prevention.
  • Strictly regulate hand washing: urge children to wash their hands frequently, wash their faces frequently, and not touch them. If the disease enters from the mouth, avoid young children eating their hands, do not dig their nostrils with their hands, do not rub their eyes with their hands, and tell their children not to touch the surface of objects in public areas (especially the frequently touched surfaces such as elevator buttons), at home Do not arbitrarily touch is the top priority of child protection. Wash hands in time before eating, after urination, or after contact with unclean objects, and teach children seven-step washing methods.
  • Strengthen room ventilation: conditional households should turn on air purifiers and ultraviolet disinfection at regular intervals. Households with restricted conditions take turns to ventilate 2 to 3 times per room per day, and open windows for 30 minutes to 1 hour each time. When the room is ventilated, move the child to another room, take good measures to keep warm, and avoid the child being cold during the ventilation.

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4.Household cleaning and disinfection:

Keep the home environment clean and tidy. Conditional families can wipe the surface of the object once daily with alcohol disinfection. If it is suspected that the parents did not take protective measures to sneeze or cough at home, they should immediately relocate the area. disinfect. Keep the floor clean and dry, and avoid wet corners to avoid the growth of viral bacteria. If the family has 84 disinfectant containing chlorine disinfectant, you can configure it according to the correct method (84 disinfectant 10ml + 990ml water), and drag the floor every day ~ 2 times. If the family has a suspected or confirmed parent, the disinfection of the used items or the room where they have lived should increase the concentration of 84 disinfection solution to 4-10 times, that is, increase the original solution of 84 disinfection solution from 10ml to 40 ~ 100ml. 960 ~ 900ml. Families who have purchased things out of the condition can use disinfectant for secondary disinfection and reuse.

During the outbreak of the new coronavirus, some pregnant women were found to be infected with the virus, and 9 months of infants were infected with the virus. Newborns are born, how to prevent infection by the virus?

Make sure the baby is not in contact with too many people

The spread of the new coronavirus is getting wider and wider, and the baby's immunity is very low. If you want to prevent the baby from being infected with the new coronavirus, then you need to ensure that the baby is not in contact with too many people. Don't kiss your baby. I really like to see the cute face of the baby, I always want to kiss the baby's face constantly; but this is particularly easy to bring bacteria to the baby, so don't kiss the baby's face often.

The mother of the baby needs to ensure hygiene

The mother's clothes need to be changed in time, and the bath needs to be bathed, so as to avoid the excessive growth of bacteria on the mother, so as to better ensure the health of the baby. Mothers should wash their hands and wash their hands every day, and then feed the baby after breast cleaning. Do not talk to the baby or sneeze. After the family enters the door, first take off the coat, disinfect the clothes in a cool and ventilated place, and also disinfect the home. The key parts, such as the door handle, should be disinfected.

Make sure the clothes the baby wears are sterilized by high temperature

Newborn baby supplies should be disinfected and clothes should be exposed to the sun. Baby diapers, toilet paper, wipes, diapers, bottles, etc. should be disinfected frequently, and the clothes should be exposed to the sun after washing. The baby needs to change the diaper every day, and if the diaper is changed, it is best to let the mother only replace it, not to change it by multiple people, to reduce the contact with multiple people, so as to avoid infection.

Don't share a set of tableware with your baby! Avoid cross infection

Sometimes, adults will feel that the food is very hot, and it is wrong to try to blow it down for children. In fact, it should be cold and then give it to the kids, because during the blowing process, it will also be spread through the air.

Make sure the environment of the baby is smooth

Open the window properly, and do not stay in the air-conditioned room for a long time. The environment in which the baby is located is very important, and it must not be too long in an enclosed environment, especially in an air-conditioned room, which will make the baby's immunity relatively low, so it is necessary to open the window properly for ventilation.

Medical symptoms of covid-19 for newborn: